Toolbox Talks

Toolbox Talks On Focus Four Hazards

As part of CAWP’s Alliance with OSHA, we promote an annual “Focus Four Hazard” campaign to raise awareness on focus four hazards, which account for a majority of injuries and fatalities in the construction industry.

The below series of Focus Four ToolBox Talks can be used at any time during the year so that the topic corresponds to the type of work being performed on your jobsites.

Construction’s “Fatal Four”
Out of 5190* worker fatalities in 2016, 991 or 19% were in construction? in 2015, there were 4836 fatalities and 937 in construction. That’s an increase of 354 fatalities overall and 54 more in construction from 2015 to 2016.

The leading causes of worker deaths on construction sites were falls, followed by struck-by, electrocution, and caught-in/between. These “Fatal Four” hazards were responsible for well over half (64%) of the construction worker deaths in 2016*, according to BLS reports.

  • Falls — 384 out of 991 total deaths in construction in 2016 (39%)
  • Struck by Object – 93 (9%)
  • Electrocutions – 82 (8%)
  • Caught-in/between* – 72 (7%) *Workers killed when caught-in or compressed by equipment or objects, and struck, caught, or crushed in collapsing structure, equipment, or material

We encourage you to provide feedback which will assist us in promoting future safety efforts and evaluating our impact in the construction industry. All voluntary feedback may be sent to OSHA’s Pittsburgh Area Office, in care of Bob Carroll, Compliance Assistance Specialist at